The spinal cord and the nerves usually are normal. Spina bifida is a birth defect that occurs when the spine and spinal cord don t form properly.
There are three types of spina bifida.
Spina bifida type 2. The neural tube is the structure in a developing embryo that eventually becomes the baby s brain spinal cord and the tissues that enclose them. It s a type of neural tube defect. The most common location is the lower back but in rare cases it may be in the middle back or neck.
Learn about the most common and severe form of spina bifida myelomeningocele mmc and the long term complications. Spina bifida occulta is the mildest type of spina bifida. There are three main types.
Spina bifida is a birth defect in which there is incomplete closing of the spine and the membranes around the spinal cord during early development in pregnancy. It is often considered the most common congenital cns malformation. This is the most common and serious type of spina bifida.
This abnormality is a result of the brain stem which is the lower part of the brain close to the spinal cord becoming elongated or positioned lower than usual. This problem often comes on slowly and may initially appear as pre diabetes also called metabolic syndrome. Myelomeningocele meningocele and spina bifida occulta.
Myelomeningocele accounts for about 75 of all spina bifida cases. People who have type 2 diabetes either do not produce enough insulin or as a consequence of the metabolic changes resulting from being overweight or obese their body resists the effects of the insulin. Occulta has no or only mild signs which may.
Many times spina bifida occulta is not discovered until late childhood or adulthood. The extent of. It is sometimes called hidden spina bifida.
With it there is a small gap in the spine but no opening or sac on the back. Chari malformation type ii is a common brain malformation that is often associated with spina bifida myelomeningocele. In some cases sacs are covered with skin but in other cases tissue and nerves may be exposed.
This is the rarest type of spina bifida. Terminology spina bifida in its strictest sense means defective f. This is the most severe form of the condition in which a portion of the spinal cord itself protrudes through the back.
Spina bifida occulta meningocele and myelomeningocele. Spina bifida is a type of neural tube defect spinal dysraphism which can occur to varying degrees of severity.