The most common location is the lower back but in rare cases it may be in the middle back or neck. Treatment is usually not required.
A common congenital midline defect of fusion of the vertebral arch without protrusion of the spinal cord or meninges the lesion is also covered by skin l5 and s1 are the most common vertebrae involved.
Spina bifida occulta medical definition. A related term spina bifida occulta indicates that one or more of the bony bodies in the spine are incompletely hardened but that there is no abnormality of the spinal cord itself. It s when the spinal cord brain or meninges their protective covering does not completely. Spina bifida occurs worldwide but there has been a steady downward trend in occurrence rates over the past 50 70 years particularly in regions of high prevalence.
Spina bifida occulta sbo is a common malformation of the spine. Spina bifida occulta or closed ntd comprises a spectrum from a simple midline defect of the vertebrae that usually goes unnoticed through to complex abnormalities where the cord is tethered to a lipoma. Many people who have spina bifida occulta don t even know it unless the condition is discovered during an imaging test done for unrelated reasons.
Medical definition of spina bifida occulta. The condition may be associated with an overlying area of hyperpigmented skin a dermal sinus or an abnormal patch of hair the majority of individuals with this malformation are asymptomatic. In people with this condition.
There are three main types. It s the mildest and most common type. It occurs during a baby s development in its mother s womb usually in the first month of pregnancy.
From frazier et al 2000. A mild often asymptomatic form of spina bifida in which there is no hernial protrusion of the meninges or spinal cord. It occurs during development prior to birth.
Spina bifida is a birth defect in which there is incomplete closing of the spine and the membranes around the spinal cord during early development in pregnancy. Continue scrolling or click here for related slideshow. Posterior vertebral arches have not fused.
Spina bi fida occul ta spina bifida in which there is a defect in the bony spinal canal without protrusion of the cord or meninges. A bony defect in the vertebral column that causes a cleft in that column. Spina bifida is what is known as a neural tube defect.
There is no herniation of the spinal cord or meninges. Spina bifida occulta occulta means hidden. The cleft remains covered by skin.
Spina bifida occulta is evidenced by a tuft of hair in the lumbosacral region. Spina bifida occulta meningocele and myelomeningocele. Spina bifida occulta results in a small separation or gap in one or more of the bones of the spine vertebrae.