Spina bifida is when a baby s spine and spinal cord does not develop properly in the womb causing a gap in the spine. Spina bifida is a birth defect in which there is incomplete closing of the spine and the membranes around the spinal cord during early development in pregnancy.
There are three main types.
Spina bifida nhs. Frank mills from victoria park bristol walked. The neural tube is the structure that eventually develops into the baby s brain and spinal cord. Spina bifida occulta sbo is a common malformation of the spine.
In most babies with spina bifida there is a sac rather like a large blister on the back covered by a thin layer of. We have 2 sections with information about spina bifida. If your baby is found to have spina bifida and it s thought they may also have one of these syndromes you ll be offered a diagnostic test such as amniocentesis or chorionic villus sampling.
Spina bifida can cause a wide range of symptoms including problems with movement bladder and bowel problems and problems associated with hydrocephalus excess fluid on the brain. The severity of the symptoms of spina bifida varies considerably largely depending on the location of the gap in the spine. What is spina bifida.
It occurs during a baby s development in its mother s womb usually in the first month of pregnancy. These tests can confirm if your baby has one of these genetic conditions. Spina bifida is a type of neural tube defect.
A care plan may be drawn up to address your child s needs and any problems they have. Spina bifida is what is known as a neural tube defect. Spina bifida is a problem within the spine in which one or more vertebrae the bones which form the backbone fail to form properly leaving a gap or split which causes damage to the central nervous system.
University hospital southampton nhs foundation trust produce guidelines as an aid to good clinical practice. Information about long term issues. It s when the spinal cord brain or meninges their protective covering does not completely.
Initial diagnosis and management. They represent recognised methods and techniques of clinical practice based on published evidence. It occurs during development prior to birth.
A six year old boy with spina bifida has raised more than 87 000 for the nhs by walking 10m being inspired by captain tom moore s heroic efforts. The most common location is the lower back but in rare cases it may be in the middle back or neck. If your child is diagnosed with spina bifida they ll be referred to a specialist team who will be involved in their care.
Very rarely a baby can have spina bifida alongside a genetic condition such as patau s syndrome edwards syndrome or down s syndrome. Spina bifida occulta meningocele and myelomeningocele. Occulta has no or only mild signs which may.
As your child gets older the care plan will be reassessed to take into account changes to their needs and situation.