Spina Bifida Myelomeningocele Definition

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Spina bifida myelomeningocele myelomeningocele is a severe type of spina bifida in which the membranes and the spinal nerves protrude at birth forming a sac on the baby s back. This is the most severe type of spina bifida.

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The exposed nervous system may become infected so prompt surgery is needed after birth.

Spina bifida myelomeningocele definition. It happens when parts of the spinal cord and nerves come through the open part of the spine. Medical definition of myelomeningocele. Meningomyelocele also commonly known as myelomeningocele is a type of spina bifida.

Spina bifida and myelomeningocele spina bifida and myelomeningocele spina bifida latin for split spine is a type of neural tube defect which is a problem with the spinal cord or the structures that cover it. With this condition a sac of fluid comes through an opening in the baby s back. When people talk about spina bifida most often they are referring to myelomeningocele.

Myelomeningocele is a sacculation of the meninx and spinal cord through a vertebral defect that develops because of a closure defect of the posterior neuropore which is the latest phase of neurulation in the third and fourth weeks of gestation. Here the baby s spinal canal is open in one or several places in the lower or middle back and a sac of fluid pokes out. Spina bifida in which neural tissue of the spinal cord and the investing meninges protrude from the spinal column forming a sac under the skin learn more about myelomeningocele.

Myelomeningocele is the most severe form of spina bifida. It causes nerve damage and other disabilities. Myelomeningocele mmc also known as meningomyelocele is the type of spina bifida that often results in the most severe complications and affects the meninges and nerves.

Spina bifida is a birth defect in which the spinal canal and the backbone don t close before the baby is born. In individuals with myelomeningocele the unfused portion of the spinal column allows the spinal cord to protrude through an opening. Part of the spinal cord and nerves are in this sac and are damaged.

Seventy to ninety percent of children with this condition also have too much fluid on their brains hydrocephalus. Myelomeningocele is the most serious type of spina bifida.

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