In children and adults with spina bifida the neurological level and motor impairment are the main factors that define an individual s potential for mobility. About 2 5 of pregnancies in the united states will have test results at the 2 5 mom cut off range.
Open spina bifida while related to sbo open spina bifida or myelomeningocele which is what most people think of when they read about spina bifida is a more serious.
Spina bifida levels. The treatment for spina bifida will be different for each person because symptoms and severity can vary. In occulta the outer part of some of the vertebrae is not completely closed. The normal range for the msafp test is generally between 0 5 2 0 mom.
In some cases the doctor can see if the baby has spina bifida or find other reasons that there might be a high level of afp. Test to confirm high afp levels. There may be a dimple in the skin or a birthmark.
For those not in the spina bifida world there are actually 2 sets of numbers and letters to work with actually maybe 4 which represent that lesion where the spine was damaged or level. Hear how amniocentesis sounds external icon for this test the doctor takes a small sample of the amniotic fluid surrounding the baby in the womb. In other cases afp levels are high but the fetus is healthy.
Varying levels of afp can be caused by other factors including a miscalculation in fetal age or multiple babies so your doctor may order a. Lesions levels sensory and mobility. Spina bifida occulta vs.
The skin at the site of the lesion may be normal or it may have some hair growing from it. But abnormally high levels of afp suggest that the baby has a neural tube defect such as spina bifida though high levels of afp don t always occur in spina bifida. This is the mildest form of spina bifida.
One is motor ability and the other is sensory ability. 1 2 it is well known that mobility enhances development and participation in the family and community across the age spectrum. Frequently spina bifida can be seen with this test.
If you have spina bifida or have a child with spina bifida you should get 4 000 micrograms per day at least 1 month before you get pregnant through the first few months. It s all about the letters and numbers. When a cut off result of 2 5 mom is given this blood test will detect 3 out of every 4 open spina bifida cases.
In some cases especially in spina bifida occulta there may not be any treatment needed. The splits in the vertebrae are so small that the spinal cord does not protrude. Sometimes afp levels are normal but the fetus has spina bifida.
If afp levels are high the doctor will order another blood test.