Spina bifida is a neural tube defect. Spina bifida associated with a meningeal cyst meningocele or a cyst containing both meninges and spinal cord meningomyelocele or only spinal cord myelocele.
Open spina bifida spina bifida cystica cyst like myelomeningocele.
Spina bifida cystica. Occulta is latin for hidden. In occulta the outer part of some of the vertebrae is not completely closed. A bony defect in the vertebral column that causes a cleft in that column.
Cleland contribution to the study of spina bifida encephalocele and anencephalus. Spina bifida is present from birth and can take several forms. The meningeal membranes that cover the spinal cord and part of the spinal cord protrude through this cleft and are clearly visible.
The neural tube comprises the brain and spinal cord their three layers of lining called the meninges as well as the vertebrae backbone and skull. Spina bifida aperta spina bifida manifesta. Maternal influenza and congenital deformities.
The opening can be surgically repaired usually shortly after birth. Open spina bifida spina bifida cystica cyst like the visible signs are a sac or cyst rather like a large blister on the back. The neural tube is that part of the very young fetus which later develops into the central nervous system and the structures surrounding it.
Farlex partner medical dictionary farlex 2012. The neural tube is the structure in a developing embryo that eventually becomes the baby s brain spinal cord and the tissues that enclose them. Spina bifida cystica can then be broken down into meningocele and myelomeningocele.
This is the mildest form of spina bifida. There are two types. Spina bifida occulta and spina bifida cystica.
Pmc free article coffey vp jessop wj. It s a type of neural tube defect. Spina bifida is a birth defect that occurs when the spine and spinal cord don t form properly.