Medical complication in adults with spina bifida pubmed. Adults with spina bifida particularly myelomeningocele may have sleep apnea or other sleep disorders.
Objective to assess the incidence of malfunction of shunts in adults with spina bifida who have shunts to control hydrocephalus.
Spina bifida complications in adults. Design a retrospective review of the medical notes and contact by questionnaire of adults with spina bifida to assess symptoms function of shunts frequency of operative procedures and follow up. However sometimes the spinal cord becomes attached to the surrounding tissue usually at the base of the back where the spina bifida occulta has occurred. In the clinical daily practice when speaking about sb we usually mean mmc.
In several cases the patients suffer from mental retardation. A gap in between vertebrae. Symptoms of spina bifida occulta include.
No fluid filled sack outside the body. For many years the medical community has focused on providing care for children and offers many children s clinics throughout the country. A retrospective review of the medical notes and contact by questionnaire of adults with spina bifida to assess symptoms function of shunts frequency of operative procedures and follow up.
Spina bifida occulta being the less serious form of sb. To assess the incidence of malfunction of shunts in adults with spina bifida who have shunts to control hydrocephalus. 110 patients with shunts who attended lord mayor.
In this study we sought to 1 describe contemporary bladder management and continence outcomes of adults with spina bifida 2 describe differences from younger individuals and 3 assess. Both children and adults with spina bifida particularly myelomeningocele may have sleep apnea or other sleep disorders. When the cord becomes tethered the individual will experience neurological deficits that include weakened lower extremities and bowel and bladder dysfunction.
Assessment for a sleep disorder in those with myelomeningocele helps detect sleep disordered breathing such as sleep apnea which warrants treatment to improve health and quality of life. Sb gives a disability including motor sensory dysfunctions and the patients suffer from a high frequency of medical complications like uti scoliosis pain and epilepsy. Small birthmark or dimple on the back.
Unfortunately there are not enough providers who are trained to provide care for adults living with spina bifida. Most children with spina bifida now survive into adulthood although most have neuropathic bladder with potential complications of incontinence infection renal damage and diminished quality of life. Mmc is the most disabling form of sb.
No visible opening outside. Data gives basis for adequate routines for medical examination at the follow up. About half of people living with spina bifida in the united states are adults.
There are mainly three forms of sb 1 spina bifida occulta 2 meningocele and 3 myelomeningocele mmc. The nerves that control the leg muscles don t work properly below the area of the spina bifida defect causing muscle weakness of the legs sometimes involving paralysis.