Spina bifida is the most frequently occurring permanently disabling birth defect. Many times spina bifida occulta is not discovered until late childhood or adulthood.
Spina bifida is known as the most common central nervous system malformation and is second in the leading causes of birth defects.
Spina bifida also known as. Some people have no symptoms while others deal with issues like uncontrollable bladder and bowels. Also known as open spina bifida myelomeningocele is the most severe type. Myelomeningocele mmc also known as meningomyelocele is the type of spina bifida that often results in the most severe complications and affects the meninges and nerves.
Spina bifida occulta results in a small separation or gap in one or more of the bones of the spine vertebrae. Spina bifida is what is known as a neural tube defect. It affects the development of the spine spinal cord and the brain.
It is definitely the most severe of the four. In individuals with myelomeningocele the unfused portion of the spinal column allows the spinal cord to protrude through an opening. It is sometimes called hidden spina bifida.
The spinal cord and the nerves usually are normal. Spina bifida occurs in 1 of 1000 births worldwide. Living with spina bifida doesn t mean all of us undergo the same situations medically or physically.
90 of children with myelomeningocele also have hydrocephalus or excess fluid in the brain with often requires surgery. Most severe classification of spina bifida also known as myelodysplasia. It s when the spinal cord brain or meninges their protective covering does not completely.
Spina bifida also known as the snowflake condition is a neurological disability caused when a baby s spinal cord fails to develop properly. Spina bifida occulta is the mildest type of spina bifida. Nerve damage and severe disabilities are common.
Meningocele is another type of spina bifida where the meninges of the spine start to poke through a layer of the skin. Many people who have spina bifida occulta don t even know it unless the condition is discovered during an imaging test done for unrelated reasons. With it there is a small gap in the spine but no opening or sac on the back.
Occurs when the meninges and spinal nerves protrude through an open part of the spine. It occurs during development prior to birth. Though the cause is unknown low folate level is known to increase the risk of it occurring.
For everyone born with spina bifida at least one spinal vertebra is only partly formed and the spinal cord at that point and below as well as the skin around the site are not properly developed. The last type is called myelomeningocele.