Omphalocele Exomphalos

Normally by the eleventh week of pregnancy the intestines go back into the belly. Omphalocele is also known as exomphalos.

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The infant s intestines liver or other organs stick outside of the belly through the belly button.

Omphalocele exomphalos. Omphalocele exomphalos is one of the most common abdominal wall defects. Omphaloceles also known as exomphalos rare plural. Omphalocele same as exomphalos condition in which the herniated organs exit through the umbilical cord and are covered by a protective sac.

During the development of the baby in the six through ten weeks of pregnancy the intestines increase in length and get pushed out into the umbilical cord from the belly. During typical fetal development the intestines extend outside the fetal abdomen into the umbilical cord then return back into the abdomen by about 11 weeks of gestation. An omphalocele is also called exomphalos is a birth defect in which an infant s intestine liver and other abdominal organs are outside of the body because of a hole in the belly button navel area at the base of the umbilical cord insertion.

This results in the intestine developing outside the abdomen. Beginning at the 6th week of development rapid elongation of the gut and increased liver size reduces intra abdominal space which pushes intestinal loops out of the abdominal cavity. Routine prenatal screening and diagnosis of the abdominal wall defect and concurrent anomalies is important as.

Exomphali are congenital midline abdominal wall defects at the base of the umbilical cord insertion with herniation of gut or occasionally other structures out of the fetal abdomen. Exomphalos omphalocele is a type of abdominal wall defect. The organs are covered in a thin nearly transparent sac that hardly ever is open or broken.

The size of the defect and the severity of the associated anomalies determine the overall morbidity and mortality. Omphalocele or omphalocoele also called exomphalos is a rare abdominal wall defect. This condition is caused by an error in the formation of the digestive tract.

Abdominal wall defects occur when a fetus s abdominal wall does not develop fully while in utero. Omphalocele also known as exomphalos is a birth defect of the abdominal belly wall. Exomphalos major omphalocele is an anterior abdominal wall defect at the site of cord insertion with herniation of abdominal contents mainly the liver and or intestine.

It is a rare anomaly with an incidence of 1 in 5000 pregnancies and is usually accompanied with other malformations. Omphalocele occurs very early in pregnancy when the abdominal wall fails to form normally.

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