It occurs during a baby s development in its mother s womb usually in the first month of pregnancy. The words literally mean split spine in latin.
Spina bifida cystica myelomeningocele.
Lumbosacral spina bifida. Spina bifida is a common neural tube defect which is clearly visible on the anteroposterior radiograph of the lumbosacral spine and or ct scan figure 1. Figure 1 images of spina bifida as seen on plain radiograph ap view left and ct scan right. Spina bifida occulta meningocele and myelomeningocele.
There are three types of spina bifida. Spina bifida cystica usually involves neurological problems that can be very serious or even fatal. This is the most complex and severe form of spina bifida.
Most people need to use a wheelchair. Spina bifida occulta sbo is a common malformation of the spine. Spina bifida is a relatively common birth defect in the u s.
It is often considered the most common congenital cns malformation. It s a type of neural tube defect. The neural tube is the structure in a developing embryo that eventually becomes the baby s brain spinal cord and the tissues that enclose them.
Spina bifida is a birth defect that occurs when the spine and spinal cord don t form properly. Bladder and bowel functioning are also severely affected. In this condition the spine is bifid and a cyst forms.
A meningocele a cystic swelling of the dura and arachnoid protrudes through the spina bifida defect in the vertebral arch. Spina bifida cystica can occur anywhere along the spinal axis but most commonly is found in the lumbar region. Myelomeningocele meningocele and spina bifida occulta.
A section of the spinal cord and the nerves that stem from the cord are exposed and visible on the outside of the body. Because the lumbosacral spinal nerves control muscles and feelings in the lower limbs people with spina bifida have some degree of paralysis. Spina bifida is a birth defect in which there is incomplete closing of the spine and the membranes around the spinal cord during early development in pregnancy.
Spina bifida is a type of neural tube defect spinal dysraphism which can occur to varying degrees of severity. To the sacrum and extends into the lumbar region. This is the most common and serious type of spina bifida.
Terminology spina bifida in its strictest sense means defective f. There are three main types. The most common location is the lower back but in rare cases it may be in the middle back or neck.