Birth defects are more common among babies exposed to cocaine. The direct impact of the drug on a developing fetus may lead to a number of congenital abnormalities or birth defects including 13.
Those not addicted often suffer from a variety of physical problems which can include premature birth low birthweight stunted growth birth defects and damage to the brain and nervous system.
Cocaine birth defects. In the united states alone tens of thousands of cocaine exposed babies are born in a year. Using cocaine during pregnancy is dangerous and can result in a number of unwanted long term health problems. Cocaine use during pregnancy is associated with maternal migraines and seizures premature membrane rupture and separation of the placental lining from the uterus prior to delivery.
25 pregnancy is accompanied by normal cardiovascular changes and cocaine use exacerbates these sometimes leading to serious problems with high blood pressure hypertensive crises spontaneous miscarriage preterm labor and difficult delivery. Congenital heart diseases chds. 26 cocaine using pregnant women must receive appropriate medical.
Cocaine can also lead to issues with the baby s circulation potentially harming the development of the baby s organs. Cocaine use during pregnancy can also increase the risk of the following problems. Cocaine birth defects include defects with the brain face eyes heart and limbs.
Cocaine used by fathers is a drug that cause birth defects and learning disabilities in children. It has been suggested that some birth defects could be due to cocaine s disruption of blood vessel growth. The most tragic victims of cocaine are babies born to mothers who use the drug during pregnancy.
Congenital heart disease is another common birth defect found with cocaine usage during pregnancy. Some babies are born with a lobster claw hand or foot technically termed ectrodactyly. In addition to premature birth once the baby is born there are risks associated with learning disabilities language development behavioral issues and heart defects.
Injury to parts of the brain and intestines from compromised blood oxygen delivery. A review of the literature reported that cocaine use causes congenital defects between 15 and 20 of the time. Limb reduction defects a limb fails to form properly.
Some common examples are cleft palates and missing limbs. There has been extensive research regarding drug use by pregnant women and the effects on their children before and after birth. However another large scale study found no difference in rates of birth anomalies in pce and non pce infants.
This can also result from a genetic defect in several cases babies have suffered strokes when the mother had cocaine in her system before or during the delivery. Defects of genitals hearts kidneys brains arms or legs and intestines are not uncommon. Among the most common problems suffered by cocaine babies are premature birth and low birth weight.
This can include a small hole in the heart a leaky valve issues with the heart muscle or more. Cocaine in utero may also cause neurodevelopmental problems for offspring potentially contributing to 5 13.