Babies can have a cleft lip cleft palate or both. Cleft lip is an opening in the upper lip and nose.
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Genetic risk factors depend on the number of affected people in a family the closeness of affected relatives and the severity of the clefts.
Causes of cleft palate birth defect. Cleft palate is an opening in the roof of the mouth palate. Cleft lip and cleft palate are thought to be caused by a combination of genes and other factors such as things the mother comes in contact with in her environment or what the mother eats or drinks or certain medications she uses during pregnancy. Cleft lip and cleft palate may also occur as a result of exposure to viruses or chemicals while the fetus is developing in the womb.
Causes of cleft palate and lip the cause of cleft palate and lip isn t known but doctors believe that the defects occur because of both genetic and environmental factors. The word cleft means split or break. In other situations cleft lip and cleft palate may be part of.
Like the many families of children with birth defects cdc wants to find out what causes them. In some cases babies inherit a gene that makes them more likely to develop a cleft and then an environmental trigger actually causes the cleft to occur. The mother or the father can pass on genes that cause clefting either alone or as part of a genetic syndrome that includes a cleft lip or cleft palate as one of its signs.
Causes of cleft palates although a complete understanding of why cleft lips and cleft palates occur is not known there appears to be an association with a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Genetics can play a role. Cleft lip and cleft palate are birth defects.
They happen when a baby s lip or mouth don t form correctly early in pregnancy.
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